Saturday, 20 April 2013

Computers Related Most Important Full Form

Laptop

ALU -  Arithmetic logic unit
ACPI :  Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
AC :  Alternating Current
AM : Amplitude Modulated
AMD : Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
AMD : Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
AMI : American Megatrends Inc.
ANSI : American National Standards Institute
APIC : Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
APM : Advanced Power Management
ASCII : American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC : Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPI : Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
AT : Advanced Technology
ATA : AT Bus Attachment
ATAPI : ATA Packet Interface
ATM : Asynchronous Transfer Mode
BBS : Bulletin Board System
BCC : Block Check Character
BSC : Binary Synchronous Communications
BSD : Berkeley Standard Distribution
BTU : British Thermal Units
BCD : Binary Coded Decimal
BIOS : Basic Input / Output System
BNC : Bayonet Nut Connector
BPS/bps : Bytes/bits Per Second
CAM : Computer Aided Manufacturing
CAD : Computer Aided Design
CAS : Column Address Strobe
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CPI : Clocks Per Instruction
CR - Carriage Return

CUI - Composite User Interface
CRT - Cathode Ray Tube
CRC: Cyclical Redundancy Check
CD: Carrier Detect & Compact Disc
CD-R - Compact Disc-Recordable
CD-RW - Compact Disc-ReWritable
CD-ROM - Compact disc read-only memory
CGA: Color Graphics Adapter
CHS: Cylinder Head Sector
COMPUTER - Common Oriented Machine Particularly Used for Trade Education and Research
CMOS: Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
CSR: Command Status Register
CTS: Clear To Send
DVI - Digital Visual Interface
DVD - Digital Video Disc or Digital Versatile Disc
DAT: Digital Audio Tape
DC: Direct Current
DCD: Data Carrier Detect
DCE: Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
DD: Double Density
DEC: Digital Equipment Corporation
DIP: Dual-In-line Package
DMA: Direct Memory Access
DMI: Desktop Management Interface
DOS: Disk Operating System
DPE: Data Parity Error
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DS: Double Sided
DSP: Digital Signal Processor
DSR: Data Set Ready
DTC: Data Terminal Controller
DTE: Data Terminating Equipment
DTR: Data Terminal Ready
EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code
EC: Error Check
ECC: Error Check and Correction
ECP: Enhanced Communication Port
ECU: EISA Configuration Utility
EDO: Extended Data Out RAM
EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EGA: Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EIA: Electronic Industries Association
EIDE: Enhanced Integrated Device Electronics
EISA: Enhanced Industry Standard Architecture
EMI: Electro-Magnetic Interference
EMF: Electro-Magnetic Force
EMS: Expanded Memory Specification
EOF: End Of File
EOL: End Of Line
EPP: Enhanced Parallel Port
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
ESCD: Extended System Configuration Data
ESD: Electro-Static Discharge
ESDI: Enhanced Small Devices Interface
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
FAT: File Allocation Table
FCC: Federal Communications Commission
FDD: Fixed/Floppy Disk Drive
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
FDM: Frequency Division Multiplexing
FDX: Full-Duplex Transmission
FE: Front End
FEP: Front End Processor
FF: Form Feed
FIFO: First-In First-Out
FILO: First-In Last-Out
FM: Frequency Modulation
FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array
FPM: Fast Page Mode RAM
FPU: Floating Point Unit
FRC: Functional Redundancy Checking
FRU: Field-Replaceable Unit
FSF: Free Software Foundation
FSK: Frequency Shifty Keying
GUI - Graphical user interface
GAS: Gallium Arsenide
GFLOPS: Billions of Floating Point Operations Per Second
HTML – Hyper Text Markup Language
HD: High Density / Hard Disk
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HDX: Half-Duplex Transmission
HFS: Hierarchical File System
HPFS: High Performance File System
IBM - International Business Machines, Indian Bureau of Mines
I/O: Input/Output
IC: Integrated Circuit
IDE: Integrated Device Electronics
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers
IMP: Interface Message Processor
IPC: Inter Process Communication
IPX: Inter network Packet eXchange
IRQ: Interrupt ReQuest
ISA: Industry Standard Architecture
ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO: International Standards Organization
JFS: Journalized File System
KNI: Katmai New Instructions
KVA: KiloVolt-Amps
LBA: Linear Block Array / Addressing
LCD - Liquid crystal display
LAN - Local area network
LOGO - Language of Graphic-Oriented
LED: Light Emitting Diode
LF: Line Feed
LIM: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft’s Expanded Memory Manager
LRU: Least-Recently Used
LSB/lsb: Least Significant Byte/bit
LSI: Large Scale Integration
LUN: Logical Unit Number
LASER - Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MAN - Metropolitan area network
MIPS - Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages
MSo - Micro Soft Office, Multi system operator
MB/Mb: Mega Bytes/bits
MBR: Master Boot Record
MCA: Micro Channel Architecture
MCGA: Multi-Color Graphics Array
MCM: Multi-Chip Module
MDRAM: Multi-bank RAM
MFLOPS: Millions of FLOating Point Operations per Second
MFM: Modified Frequency Modulated
MHz: MegaHertz
MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
MIDI: Musical Instrument Data Interface
MIMD: Multiple-Instruction Multiple-Data
MISD: Multiple-Instruction Single Data
MMX: Multi-Media Extensions
MNP: Microcom Network Protocol
MODEM: MOdulator / DEModulator
MOPS: Millions of Operations Per Second
MOS: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
MP: Multi-Processor
MPP: Massively Parallel Processor
MPS: Multi-Processor System
MSB/msb: Most Significant Byte/bit
MSDOS: Microsoft’s Disk Operating System
SI: Medium Scale Integration
MTBF: Mean Time Between Failure
N/C: No-Connect
NBS: National Bureau of Standards
NEMA: National Electrical Manufacturers Association
NFS: Network File System
NFU: Not-Frequently Used
NMI: Non-Maskable Interrupt
NMOS: Negatively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
NOP: No OPeration NRU Not-Recently Used
NSF: National Science Foundation
NVRAM: NonVolatile Random Access Memory
OCR: Optical Character Recognition
ODI: Open Data link Interface
OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer
OS: Operating System
OSF: Open Software Foundation
OSI: Open Systems Interconnect
PAL/PLA: Programmable Array Logic / Logic Array
PB: Push Button
PBX: Private Branch eXtender
PC: Personal Computer, Program Counter
PCB: Printed Circuit Board
PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
PCM: Pulse Code Modulation
PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
PE: Processor Element
PFF: Page Fault Frequency
PGA: Professional Graphics Array
PGA: Pin Grid Array
PIC: Programmable Interrupt Controller
PIO: Programmed Input / Output
PIROM: Processor Information ROM
PLCC: Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
PLL: Phase Locked Loop
PM: Preventive Maintenance
PMOS: Positively doped Metal-Oxide Semiconductor
PnP: Plug-and-Play
POST: Power On Self Test
PPP: Point-to-Point Protocol
PQFP: Plastic Quad Flat Pack
PROM: Programmable Read Only Memory
PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network
PTE: Page Table Entry
QAM: Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
QFP: Quad Flat Pack
QIC: Quarter Inch Cartridge
RAM - Random-access memory
RAID: Redundant Arrays of Inexpensive Disks
RAMDAC: Random Access Memory Digital to Analogue Converter
RAS: Row Address Strobe
RCA: Radio Corporation of America
RCC: Routing Control Center
RDRAM: Rambus DRAM
RFC: Request For Comments
RFI: Radio Frequency Interference
RI: Ring Indicator
RISC: Reduced Instruction-Set Computer
RLL: Run Length Limited
RMS: Root Mean Squared
RMW: Read Modify Write
ROM: Read Only Memory
RPC: Remote Procedure Call
RPM: Rotations Per Minute
RTC: Real Time Clock
RTS: Request To Send
SAM: Sequential Access Memory
SASI: Shugart Associates Standard Interface
SCSI: Small Computer Systems Interface
SD: Single Density
SDLC: Synchronous Data Link Control
SDRAM: Synchronous Dynamic RAM
SDRAM DDR: Double Data Rate SDRAM
SDRAM BDDR: Bi-Directional Strobed DDR SDRAM
SE: Systems Engineer
SEC: Single Edge Contact
SFF: Small Form Factor
SGRAM: Synchronous Graphics RAM
SMS - Short Message Service
SIMD: Single-Instruction Multiple-Data
SIMM: Single Inline Memory Module
SIPP: Single Inline Pinned Package
SISD: Single-Instruction Single-Dat
SLIP: Serial Line Internet Protocol
SMD: Surface Mount Device
SMT: Surface Mount Technology
SNA: System Network Architecture
SNR - Signal to Noise Ratio
SO/SOL - Small Out Line
SOIC - Small Outline Integrated Circuit
SPOOL - Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On Line
SPT  Sectors Per Track
SPU - Single Processor Unit
SRAM - Static Random Access Memory
SS - Single Sided
STDM - Synchronous Time Division Multiplexing
STN - Super Twisted Nematic
STU - Streaming Tape Unit
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array
TCM - Trellis Code Modulation
TCP/IP - Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
TDM - Time Division Multiplexing
TI - Texas Instruments
TIA - Telecomm Industry Association
TLB - Translation-Look aside Buffer
TPI - Tracks Per Inch
TRANSISTOR - TRANSformer resISTOR
TSR - Terminate and Stay Resident
TTL - Transistor-Transistor Logic
UAE - Unrecoverable Application Error
UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
UDP - User Datagram Protocol
UMB - Upper Memory Block
UNIX - A trademark used for a computer disk operating system
UPS - Uninterruptible power supply
USL - UNIX System Labs
UUCP - UNIX to UNIX Copy Program
VIRUS - Vital Information Resources Under Seize
VDU - Visual Display Unit
VBE - Video BIOS Extensions
VCR - Video Cassette RecorderVESA: Video Enhanced Standards Association
VGA - Video Graphics Array
VLB - VESA Local Bus
VLIW - Very Long Instruction Word
VLSI - Very Large Scale Integration
VM - Virtual Memory
VME - Versa Module Euro-card
VRAM - Video Random Access Memory
VRT - Voltage Reduction Technology
VTR - Video Tape Recorder
WAN - Wide area network
WATS - Wide Area Telephone Service
WD - Western Digital
WORM - Write Once - Read-Many
WRAM - Window Random Access Memory
WS - Wait State
WWW - World Wide Web
XGA - eXtended Graphics Array
XMS - Extended Memory Specification
XOR - Exclusive-OR
XT - eXtended Technology
ZIF - Zero Insertion Force

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